Jersey Type Pulling Surfboat
First “standard” version pulling surfboat adopted by the USLSS in the early 1870s, with design based on square-stern surf fishing boats then in common use along the coast of New Jersey. Versions of this model included the “Squan” and “Long Branch”. Neither self-righting nor self-bailing. Dimensions (varied by builder and model version): 25ft. to 27ft. overall length, 6.5 to 7ft. maximum beam, 2 to 2.5ft. depth amidships; 6 thwarts for a total of 10 oars rowed in double-banked configuration; most boats had no sailing rig; weight 954lbs.; clinker built wood hull of cedar planks over oak frames with either copper or galvanized iron fasteners.
Monomoy Type Pulling/Sailing Surfboat
Two versions of the wooden Monomoy pulling surfboat were designed and built; one for use by coastal rescue stations (of 23 and 26 feet in length, all of which were clinker built), and one for use as a cutter boat (almost all of which were carvel built). Named for Monomoy Island off of Cape Cod, MA, from where the design originated. Neither self-righting nor self-bailing. The dimensions for the standard 26ft. model assigned to lifesaving stations were: 26ft. 0in. to 26ft. 8in. overall length, 6ft. 8in. to 6ft. 9.5in. maximum beam, 2ft. 7in. depth amidships; 4 thwarts for up to 8 oars rowed in double-banked configuration; sprit sailing rig of jib and mainsail with centerboard; weight approximately 2100lbs.; double-ended clinker built hull of cedar planking over oak frames with galvanized fasteners.
Race Point Type Pulling/Sailing Surfboat
Named for Race Point at the tip of Cape Cod, MA, from where the design originated. Neither self-righting nor self-bailing. Dimensions: 24ft. 6in. overall length, 6ft. 2in. maximum beam, 2ft. 4.5in. depth amidships; 5 thwarts for 5 oars rowed in single-banked configuration; some boats had a sprit sailing rig of a jib and mainsail with centerboard; weight 1000-1200lbs.; nearly double-ended clinker built hull of cypress or cedar planks over oak frames, copper or galvanized iron fastened.
Beebe-McLellan Type Pulling/Sailing Surfboat
Designed by Lieutenant McLellan, USRM, and Frederick Beebe as the standard, beach-launched surfboat model to replace most if not all of the previous designs. This design was a modification of the earlier Beebe pulling surfboat. Self-bailing, but not self-righting. Dimensions: 25ft. 4in. overall length, 7ft. 0in. greatest breadth, 2ft. 7in. depth amidships; weight approx. 1300lbs.; 3 or 4 thwarts for up to 6 or 8 oars rowed in double-banked configuration; sprit sailing rig of single spruce mast with jib and spritsail; double-ended clinker built hull of white cedar planks over white oak frames with galvanized iron fasteners.
McLellan Type Motor Surfboat
Nearly all Beebe-McLellan type motor surfboats were purpose-built versions rather than conversions of the pulling/sailing model. Self-bailing but not self-righting. Dimensions: 25ft. 4in. overall length, 7ft. 0in. maximum beam, 2ft. 9in. depth amidships; single 2 cylinder horizontal, 8HP Van Auken gasoline engine with twin propellers; maximum speed 7.11 St. MPH; equipped for rowing and sailing as in pulling model, but with one less thwart (i.e., 3 thwarts for 6 oars rowed double-banked plus either steering oar or tiller/rudder); double-ended clinker built hull of cedar planking over white oak frames, copper fastened.